United States

Scopes Trial

The formal name for this 1925 trial is The State of Tennessee v. John Thomas Scopes. Scopes was a substitute high school biology teacher in Dayton, Tennessee who taught the theory of human evolution to his students in violation of the Butler Act which made it illegal to teach human evolution in any state funded school. The trial is also known as the Monkey Trial. Scopes was found guilty and fined $100 but the verdict was overturned on a technicality. 

Prohibition

In the United States, prohibition references a nationwide ban on the sale, importation, production, and transportation of alcohol that was in place from 1920-1933. This definition is also relevant in other nations and states.