Sir Herbert Macauley

Sir Herbert Macauley (1864-1946) was a Yoruba Nigerian nationalist, political activist, and engineer who founded the Nigerian National Democratic Party (NNDP). Macauley was also the grandson of Samuel Ajayi Crowther, the first African bishop in the Anglican Church. His father was, like his grandfather, a CMS missionary and the founder of the CMS Grammar School in Lagos. His urban upbringing, Anglican education, and later European education made Macauley a part of the Lagos intelligentsia.

Though not uniformly anti-British, Macauley was a loud critic of the colonial system. He founded the NNDP in 1923, which dominated local Lagos politics for the following two decades, though he himself was unable to run for office due to two prior convictions. In 1944 he joined with Nnamde Azikiwe to form the National Council of Nigeria and Cameroons, of which he was president, and which represented Nigerian nationalist aspirations.


Mark Lipshtuz and R. Kent Rasmussen, “Herbert Macaulay,” Dictionary of African Historical Biography (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1989), pp. 128-129.

See also: Nigeria